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From Gironde, a large wine-making area in the French province of Bordeaux, Cabernet Franc arrived in Italy in the early decades of the 1800s and in Friuli at the end of the same century. Currently it is one of the most prestigious reds in Friuli, is widespread and it is the second red berry variety produced. It is a vine that adapts very well to almost all soils and produces grapes with a distinct personality.
Franconia, also known as Blaufränkisch, is a vine originating from Nieder-Österreich (lower Austria), from where it spread to some wine-growing areas of France, Germany, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Croatia and Slovenia. Some recent research demonstrated that it has been cultivated in Italy since 1500; in Friuli its presence is documented since 1879. Winemakers have always held it in great esteem in their vineyards thanks to its high resistance to diseases, early ripening, resistance to winter cold, but also thanks to its high productivity, good colour and alcohol content.
Among all the vines in the world it is the most noble and at the same time one of the hardest to interpret and describe, the one for which winemakers and the simple consumer perhaps face the most complex tasting. The origin of the Pinot Noir is placed in the French region of Burgundy, where it is a base wine for the most famous and important wines in the area. It represents the forefather of the Pinot family from which, due to bud mutation, Pinot Bianco, Grigio, Meunier and many other bio-types originated.
The Ribolla Nera, called Schioppettino in the municipality of Prepotto and its surroundings, is certainly a native Friulian grape variety, originating precisely from the area of Prepotto and predominately cultivated here. According to some, the word "Schioppettino" indicates the sparkling wine fizzing in the bottle (once bottled young, it completed the malolactic fermentation in the bottle, thus becoming slightly fizzy), while for others it refers to the fact that its grapes, very fleshy and crunchy, seem to pop in your mouth when you try to eat them.
Originally from the south-west of France, particularly from the Bordeaux area, where it was one of the most important varieties in the production of wines of the highest quality. The abundant production, the good quality of the wine, the rusticity of the variety, have made it popular in practically all the national territory. In Friuli Venezia Giulia, where it has found ideal soil and climate, it is today the most widespread among red grape varieties and one of the cornerstones of Friuli viticulture.
Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso
An indigenous variety, the most valuable sub-variety within the large “Refosco” family, it is one of the most appreciated types of Friulian red-berry wines. Already famous in the 1700s, in recent decades it has had a considerable diffusion throughout the region, replacing other "Refosco" vines, certainly more productive but undoubtedly of less merit.
Verduzzo is a native variety, characteristic of our region and widely cultivated, especially in hilly areas. There are two main clones: Verduzzo Verde and Verduzzo Giallo. Verduzzo Verde is cultivated in the plains and gives rise to a dry white wine, while Giallo, not very productive but of great quality, cultivated in the hills, is destined for the production of raisin wine.
Better known as Gewürztraminer, experts are divided as to its origins. There are two most accredited hypotheses: Alsace or South Tyrol. The predilection of this variety is certainly for high latitude cultivation areas, meaning cold and cool areas. In Italy, the regions in which the grape is mostly cultivated are Trentino Alto Adige and Friuli Venezia Giulia, where the Traminer has perfectly adapted to the soil, climate and exposure, with excellent results.
Pinot Grigio, like Pinot Bianco, derives from a bud mutation of Pinot Noir. It is believed to be very ancient, since traces of its cultivation date back to Roman times. At the beginning of the nineteenth century it spread to northern Italy, finding favourable environmental conditions in Friuli Venezia Giulia.
The homeland of the various Muscat wines is said to be Greece. As far back as Roman times, Cato spoke of them as "apianae" grapes, from the name of the bees that surrounded the most mature bunches, for the strong and intense fragrance that was released from them. Through the intervention of man and as a result of numerous crossings, real varieties were created: white, yellow, pink and red Muscat.